Sri Lanka is increasingly exposed to the impacts of climate change across different sectors of its economy and society. Communities and individuals are impacted by rising temperatures, erratic weather patterns, shifting agricultural seasons, prolonged droughts, flash floods, storms and high winds, loss of biodiversity and ecosystems services, soil degradation, and other climate-related hazards. For Sri Lanka to continue on its pathway of development toward a prosperous and sustainable future, it is pivotal to address climate-related vulnerabilities and build resilience.
Policies, laws, and regulations create the enabling environment to facilitate ground-level action across vital sectors such as agriculture, forestry, and biodiversity. They also connect national processes to climate commitments under the Paris Agreement, the Sustainable Development Goals, the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction, a just COVID-19 recovery, and other global processes on mitigation, adaptation, and disaster risk management. This project focuses on identifying the connections between inclusive and participatory climate action, resilience, and sustainable community livelihood development through interventions such as agroforestry. It aims to develop a methodology that outlines climate change impacts, actions, and links to different national and international processes for all three sectors as well as synergies between them in the context of climate change and sustainable development, taking into account a large evidence base and case studies collected from around the world.
A project supported by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany.
The rural economy of developing countries such as Sri Lanka largely rely on agriculture and agriculture supply chain activities. The sector is known to be significantly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Women in agriculture are often seen disproportionately affected by climate and weather induced disasters and experience climate change differently to men. Women may face gender specific obstacles in terms of physical, financial, cultural or policy limitations that may prevent them from accessing proper education, land, resources or market. Such limitations may also result in women not being able to quickly recover from and adapt to climate-induced loss and damage compared to men in the sector. Building resilience of women in agriculture to face climate challenges has a great potential to contribute largely to the growth of the sector.
Coastal ecosystems are among the world’s most vulnerable ecosystems to the impacts of climate change. Anthropogenic activities contribute to rising greenhouse gas emissions which cause sea level rise and an increase in ocean temperatures, ocean acidification, and extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones. Additionally, the increase in plastic pollution, unsustainable tourism, illegal fishing practices, and domestic, industrial, and agricultural waste continues to increase the vulnerability of coastal ecosystems to the impacts of climate change and disrupt their ecology, transport of sediments, and morphology.