The fifth IPCC assessment report published in 2014 highlighted the fact that humans are the main cause of global warming and provided an overview of the current and projected global impacts of climate change. The IPCC AR6 WGII report updates these findings and additionally puts a special focus on the regional and sectoral impacts of climate change, making it a very valuable resource for regional and national adaptation planning.
Agriculture is one of the main sectors impacted by the impacts of climate change and its effects are very much felt due to the dependency on the natural resources that this livelihood has. Among the impacts on the agriculture sector are the impacts of the slow onset events of climate change.
Climate change impacts threaten agriculture and food security in Sri Lanka. With impacts of floods and droughts experienced the last decade, many agriculture communities are highly vulnerable and unable to carry out their livelihoods.
With global attention focused on the implementation of adaptation activities to address the impacts of climate change and efforts towards climate-resilient development, economic diversification has been viewed as a means of a country’s drive towards sustainable economic growth and stability. It is defined as the process wherein a growing range of economic outputs is produced.