From pangolins to elephants, from tropical timber to birds and snakes: Wildlife trafficking is one of the largest illegal global trade sectors and generates billions of USD per year. Since 1975, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) provides a framework for the sustainable trade of wildlife and ecosystem products.
Oceans are the lifeblood of planet Earth and is vital to the survival of humankind. The ocean covers more than two-thirds of the Earth’s surface and it produces most of the oxygen that is needed for humans to breathe and contributes as a vital carbon sink by absorbing the most amount of carbon emissions in our atmosphere. The ocean is also home to a fragile but rich marine eco-system which is an integral part of human survival.
Does Nature have legal rights, and if so, what are they? How can they be formalised and claimed? And who should be able to enforce them? The theoretical debate about the rights of Nature has engaged philosophers, environmentalists, and lawyers for decades: now, it has reached the courtrooms and lawmakers of the world in a series of landmark decisions.