Close to 25 percent of the marine life in our planet lives around coral reefs. This makes coral reefs one of the most diverse and valuable ecosystems. Rising temperatures due to global warming and climate change have put these natural habitats at risk; a vast number of coral reefs around the world are threatened with coral bleaching and some are damaged beyond repair. Overfishing, destructive fishing practices such as dynamite fishing and bottom trawling have also resulted in the destruction of these marine eco-systems.
Oceans are the lifeblood of planet Earth and is vital to the survival of humankind. The ocean covers more than two-thirds of the Earth’s surface and it produces most of the oxygen that is needed for humans to breathe and contributes as a vital carbon sink by absorbing the most amount of carbon emissions in our atmosphere. The ocean is also home to a fragile but rich marine eco-system which is an integral part of human survival.
Oceans cover two thirds of world’s surface, and over 7.6 billion people directly or indirectly benefit from oceans around the world. Global fishery production is ever expanding, and according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), fisheries and aquaculture assure the livelihoods of 10-12 percent of the world’s population. Ocean resources can boost the growth of a country’s economy, but human activity also takes a toll on ocean health. Therefore, fishing needs to be carried out at sustainable levels, or fish stocks will deteriorate from overfishing and collapse. According to the World Wildlife Federation, if the world keeps fishing at its current pace, there will be no more fish left to eat by 2048.