Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa and highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change due to its location and the importance of the climate-sensitive agriculture sector, which employs approximately 70% of Uganda's working population.
Different parts of Uganda have experienced periodic occurrence of floods, prolonged droughts, erratic rainfall patterns, landslides, epidemics, conflict, and other natural, social, political, or economic shocks. Communities located in mountainous terrain, impenetrable rainforest, islands, and floodplains are highly vulnerable to severe and persistent poverty due to their physical separation from economic and social opportunities, which traps them in poor living conditions.
In Uganda, human mobility is present in two forms: external and internal. External forms of human mobility occur when people from outside the country cross the borders to enter Uganda and choose to settle permanently or temporarily in places of their choice within the country.
This publication has been developed as part of SLYCAN Trust's work programme on loss and damage in partnership with the Ministry of Water and Environment, Uganda.