Climate change has become a major underlying driver of human mobility around the world. Existing patterns of migration are shaped or broadened by the impacts of climate change, extreme weather events, and environmental degradation and slow-onset processes.
Human mobility has existed for centuries. Be it voluntarily or forced, humans have migrated for various reasons in search of resources and wealth, safer pastures, and a better future. However, climate change and its impacts on natural resources adversely affect people’s livelihoods, economic security, and food security, causing them to seek opportunities elsewhere. The links between climate change and human mobility are complex. In some cases, human mobility can be directly attributed to climate change, but in many others, climate change is an underlying factor that exacerbates or compounds existing vulnerabilities and migration drivers.
Sri Lanka, being a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), has submitted its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) in 2016.
As climate change alters long-term weather patterns and leads to increasing droughts, floods, and storms, more and more people are turned into climate migrants and refugees.
Agriculture is one of the main sectors impacted by the impacts of climate change and its effects are very much felt due to the dependency on the natural resources that this livelihood has. Among the impacts on the agriculture sector are the impacts of the slow onset events of climate change.